Peter Baltes

V i s i s m

Critical Theory of Good Living




The purpose of visism, which is presented here, is to understand the human 

world and to orient it towards good living for all.

We are the result of a natural evolution characterized by self-interest. Philosophies 

developed before this knowledge only have validity where they

do not contradict this realization.

From birth, our life is a chain of problems. We have to recognize and 

solve them. It is about ensuring our existence but also, since we are human 

beings, about expanding our existence. The tools to ensure our existence are largely given 

to us by nature, but the expansion of existence requires the invention of knowledge. 

Learning from Newton that the world is a system of forces, and from Hegel that all

forces are subject to reciprocal effects, it was Parsons who was able to order the world 

according to the significance of every force in our life. Darwin discovered self-interest as the intrinsic

motivating force behind behavior, dialectically complementing

Kant, who propounded equal rights as the absolute moral law. 

What, in particular, are the inventions of visism? The integration of all 

the different sources and areas of knowledge by their definition and interpretation

as forces is fundamental. Only thus could a new philosophy of interactions between all forces arise,

analyzing and constructing life with the aim of a common, good life. 

Further important inventions are the separation of ensuring and

expanding existence, the action model in six steps and a realistic 

morality beyond Kant. 

This leads to the reasoned insight that common good life above all needs the forces of health, 

love, freedom and prosperity, acquired through knowledge and measured by morality.





Chapter I: Good life by Behavior or by Action

The World of Human Beings

Life Within the Systems of Forces

Action Systems and Behavioral Systems

Chapter II: Justified Action

The Principle of Equal Rights

The Principle of Assurance of Existence

Justified Action in the Practice of Living

Chapter III: Life Structure

The World of Life and its Order

The Importance of Life Structure

Life Structure and Development 

Chapter IV: Life Concept

Specific Characteristics 


The Development of Life Concepts

Chapter V: The Six Steps of Action

The Basic Structure: GACORE

Detailed Structure: Partial Steps

Theoretical and Practical Progress

Chapter VI:  Self-Advice

Self-Advice as Internal Argumentation

The Maxim 

The Self-Advice Model

Chapter VII: Argumentative Communication

Typecasting the Receiver

Types of Communication

Methods of Argumentative Communication

Chapter VIII: Production and Consumption

Production as a Step of Action

Basic Economic Concepts

The Social Market Economy 

Chapter IX: Model of Life and Life Technique

The Invariable Conditions Imposed by Nature

The Variable Agreements Imposed by Human Societies 

The General Structure of Life and Life Technique

Chapter X: Some Applications of Life Technique

Culture, Community

Personality, Corporeality




- in Print -